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SCIENCE
 

When South African rhinos are killed, Rhino Orphanage saves their babies

In this photo taken June 28, 2014, and supplied by a board director of The Rhino Orphanage, a baby rhino runs in the bush at the facility, which is near a lodge at the Entabeni Safari Conservancy in the northern part of South Africa.
In this photo taken June 28, 2014, and supplied by a board director of The Rhino Orphanage, a baby rhino runs in the bush at the facility, which is near a lodge at the Entabeni Safari Conservancy in the northern part of South Africa. Dex Kotze/The Rhino Orphanage via AP

ENTABENI SAFARI CONSERVANCY, South Africa — Hunters are killing rhinos in South Africa. It is against the law to kill rhinos. Hunters who break the law are called poachers. Poachers shoot the mothers. They leave the baby rhinos behind. The baby rhinos have no parents. They become orphans.

Many baby rhinos probably die. The lucky ones end up at The Rhino Orphanage.

Caring For Baby Rhinos

Workers there care for the baby rhinos. They feed and walk them. They calm down the rhinos. The workers are almost like mothers to the rhinos. The rhinos learn to recognize voices. They sleep in a stable. They roll in the mud and play. Eventually, they go back to the wild.

The orphanage is very careful. It does not want poachers to find the rhinos.

Most of the rhinos in the world live in South Africa. Hunters killed more than 1,200 of the country's rhinos in 2014. They are killing more again this year.

Returning To The Wild

Hunters kill the rhinos to get their horns. Some people in Asia want the horns. They think the horns can be used as medicine. But there is no proof that it really works.

Sixteen rhino orphans were rescued in 2014. Four were put in homes with female rhinos. The females act as mothers to the babies.

Edna Molewa works for the South African government. She said eventually the rhinos should go live in the wild. That is the plan.

The Rhino Orphanage opened in 2012.

Stopping Poachers

Once, poachers were on their way to the orphanage. They did not know that the government knew about their plan. A government spy was with the poachers. He told the government about the plan. The hunters were arrested.

Workers from around the world come to the orphanage. They help the rhinos. They do not put pictures on the internet. The workers do not want hunters to find the orphanage.

Humans do not get near the rhinos much. It helps for when the rhinos go back to the wild. The rhinos go back to the wild when they are 2 or 3 years old. They are old enough to take care of themselves then.

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1
Anchor 2: Central Idea

What is this article MOSTLY about?

A

rhinos in South Africa

B

an orphanage for baby rhinos

C

how to protect animals from hunters

D

how to raise baby rhinos

2
Anchor 2: Central Idea

What is the MAIN idea of the section "Caring For Baby Rhinos"?

A

The orphanage takes care of the baby rhinos and protects them from dangerous hunters.

B

Most of the rhinos in the world live in South Africa, but a lot of hunters try to kill them.

C

Workers at the orphanage act as mothers to the baby rhinos.

D

Last year, hunters killed more than 1,000 of South Africa's rhinos and are killing more this year.

3
Anchor 5: Text Structure

Which section gives information about why people want to kill rhinos in South Africa?

A

Introduction [paragraphs 1-2]

B

"Caring For Baby Rhinos"

C

"Returning To The Wild"

D

"Stopping Poachers"

4
Anchor 5: Text Structure

Select the paragraph from the section "Stopping Poachers" that gives information on how rhino hunters are stopped.

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