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WAR & PEACE
 

Former WWII refugee sends hope in a box to young Syrian boy

Gunter Nitsch poses for a photograph next to a picture of himself in 1949, held by his wife, Mary, when he was living in a refugee camp in West Germany. Photo: John J. Kim/Chicago Tribune/TNS. BOTTOM PHOTO: A photograph of Nitsch at age three with his dog, Senta.
Gunter Nitsch poses for a photograph next to a picture of himself in 1949, held by his wife, Mary, when he was living in a refugee camp in West Germany. Photo: John J. Kim/Chicago Tribune/TNS. BOTTOM PHOTO: A photograph of Nitsch at age three with his dog, Senta. John J. Kim/Chicago Tribune/TNS

CHICAGO, Ill. — In 1945, when he was 8, Gunter Nitsch and his family fled their home in the German territory of East Prussia. They were trying to escape the Russian army. Captured six weeks later, they were forced to live as refugees for much of Nitsch’s childhood.

Today, Nitsch is 78 and retired, living in Chicago with his wife of 40 years. He has worked and raised two sons here. He exemplifies the strength of the human spirit, and is proof that, for many former refugees, life gets better.

Which is why, a few weeks ago, Nitsch wrote a letter to Zaher, an 8-year-old Syrian boy. Like Nitsch, Zaher fled his home and is living as a refugee in Jordan.

"I Was 8 Years Old Like You"

“Hello Zaher,” Nitsch begins. “Seventy years ago, when I was 8 years old like you, I was also a refugee. I’m writing to share my story with you to let you know that, no matter how bad things may seem, there are good people in this world who can make everything better.”

The letter was delivered to Zaher by CARE USA.  Founded in 1945, the organization delivered packages of food, clothing and other lifesaving items to World War II survivors.

Nitsch received a CARE package as a boy, and wanted to offer the same sense of hope to another child.

A Bounty Of Riches In A Box

In 1948, Nitsch, his mother and his brother escaped the Russian state-run farm where his mother worked 12-hour days. They crossed illegally into a West Germany refugee camp.

“One day there was a knock on our door, and the mailman said, ‘I have a parcel for you from the United States,’” Nitsch said. "My mother said, 'We don't know anybody in the United States.'" 

Still, Nitsch and his mother walked 2 miles to the village, where they collected a large box tied in metal string. It was filled with a bounty of riches. 

“Rice, ham, cocoa powder, corned beef, a bar of chocolate that must have weighed a pound. I had never seen anything like it,” Nitsch said

A letter, from a Mennonite Christian family in Pennsylvania, was also enclosed. It was written in old-fashioned German with English words sprinkled throughout.

Six weeks after his mother wrote back, they received another box filled with coffee, shoes, even canned fruit salad. “I had never eaten anything like it. I thought, ‘If there’s a heaven and there are angels, this must be what angels eat,’” Nitsch said.

Packages Have Deeper Meaning

Over the next two years, Nitsch's family received more than a dozen packages. Nitsch and his mother and brother eventually were reunited with his father, and moved to Cologne, Germany.

In 1964, Nitsch immigrated to the United States. Ten years later, he and his new wife, visited the Mennonite family in Belleville, Pennsylvania. They had sent CARE parcels to two dozen families. This was the first time that one of the recipients had come to thank them in person. 

CARE keeps in contact with many former refugees who received packages, said Brian Feagans. He is head of CARE's communications.

“We see these original CARE package recipients as this incredible group of people who have a deeper understanding ... of what it means to get help in your lowest moments. Particularly from a stranger in America," Feagans said. Here they were the "enemy" from Germany, or so they thought. "And they get this package that, as Gunther says, very much saved their lives," he added.

Sending Hope

CARE recently asked five original package recipients to write letters to Syrian refugee children. As a result, Gunter came to be in touch with Zaher.

“March 15 is the five-year anniversary of the Syrian crisis,” Feagans said. “We’ve reached over 1 million people with food baskets, blankets, hygiene kits. On the five-year anniversary we wanted to send something else: hope.”

Gunter folded paper airplanes to accompany his letter to Zaher. He also included childhood photos of his German shepherd, Senta, who was left behind when the family fled their home. Zaher also had to leave his beloved pet cat and several pigeons.

“When I see refugee kids on TV, I don’t care which country or which color or what religion,” Nitsch said. “I feel sorry for them. They lost whatever they owned. But the worst, to me, is not having school.”

From One Boy To Another

You can hear Nitsch read his letter to Zaher on CARE's website. The paper airplanes were a hit.

“I hope that your life will also change for the better soon,” Nitsch writes to Zaher. "No matter where you are, always try to learn as much as possible by reading books. The day will come when it will pay off."

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1
Anchor 2: Central Idea

Which detail would be MOST important to include in a summary of the article?

A

Gunter Nitsch was one of the first refugees to receive a package from CARE.

B

Gunter Nitsch eventually moved to America and started a family.

C

Gunter Nitsch eventually met the family that sent him letters through CARE.

D

Gunter Nitsch’s letter to Zaher can be found on the CARE website.

2
Anchor 2: Central Idea

Read the section "Sending Hope."

Which sentence BEST summarizes the central idea of this section?

A

CARE is proud that it has been sending supplies to Syrian refugees for five years now.

B

CARE believed that letters from former package recipients could lift the spirits of Syrian refugee children.

C

CARE asked the original package recipients to include unique items along with their letters to the Syrian refugee children.

D

CARE wants to give hope to Syrian refugee children who have lost pets in the war.

3
Anchor 3: People, Events & Ideas

What is the MAIN way the author introduces Gunter Nitsch in the first three paragraphs of the article?

A

by giving detailed description of his life during the war

B

by telling a story to illustrate his life in America

C

by comparing him to Zaher, who is a refugee today

D

by comparing his life as a refugee to his life today

4
Anchor 3: People, Events & Ideas

Why is CARE including letters from former refugees in its packages?

A

to help refugees with their reading while they are out of school

B

to show refugees that their situation is not as bad as they think

C

to give the refugees hope that their lives will get better

D

to give the former refugees a chance to give back

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