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Trump signs papers for wall on Mexico border, immigration enforcement

In this March 2016 file photo, two people walk toward metal bars marking the United States border where it meets the Pacific Ocean in Tijuana, Mexico. U.S. President Donald Trump will direct the Homeland Security Department to start building a wall at the Mexican border. Photo: AP/Gregory Bull

WASHINGTON, D.C. - President Donald Trump signed an executive action on Wednesday to begin planning for a border wall with Mexico. He believes a wall will help to keep people from illegally crossing into the United States.

Executive actions are informal moves or proposals by the president. Executive orders are official documents that the president uses to manage the federal government.

Trump said that construction on the project would begin in a few months. He also repeated his promise that American taxpayers would not have to pay for the wall. He insists the United States will be paid back by the Mexican government for the costs of the billion-dollar wall.

When asked when construction would begin, Trump said, "As soon as we can physically do it. I would say in months … Certainly, planning is starting immediately."

Biggest Campaign Promise

Trump then visited the Department of Homeland Security, which works to secure the United States from threats. He signed two executive orders on immigration, which is when someone born in one country moves to another country. His executive orders will add more holding centers for people here illegally. Trump also wants to take away the money that the U.S. government gives cities that do not follow the nation's immigration laws.

The construction of a wall along the southern U.S. border was Trump's biggest campaign promise. He blamed people who were not in the country legally for taking away Americans' jobs. He also said people being here without legal permission is a safety concern for Americans.

"Building a barrier is more than just a campaign promise," said White House press secretary Sean Spicer. He said the wall is a solution to making a weak border strong.

Construction Bill To Be Determined

Trump said from the beginning of his presidential campaign he would make Mexico pay for the wall. Mexican leaders have shunned that idea. Trump has said the project will get started with U.S. tax dollars so construction can begin quickly.

Those who work in the construction industry believe the project could cost up to $20 billion. Trump is scheduled to welcome Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto to the White House next week.

We will be paid back by Mexico at a later date, Trump said. "I'm just telling you there will be a payment. It will be in a form, perhaps a complicated form."

Campaign Of Exaggerations

White House officials said Trump's appearance at the Department of Homeland Security is the first step in a series of executive actions to fulfill his campaign promises on immigration. These actions are likely to spark serious resistance from the immigrant rights community. Members of this group have accused Trump of exaggerating problems to win support at the expense of immigrants and refugees.

"The hateful, xenophobic, anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim" talk that happened throughout "the Trump campaign is starting to become a reality," said Marielena Hincapie. She leads the National Immigration Law Center, which helps immigrants understand their rights. "Chaos and destruction will be the outcome."

Spicer said the executive actions would include the Department of Homeland Security limiting money to cities that do not report undocumented immigrants to the national government. Additionally, the Trump administration plans to re-start the Secure Communities program, which gives more immigration enforcement powers to local authorities. The program had been shut down by the Obama administration over concerns that it had led to abuse.

Other Programs Being Watched

Spicer said Trump will not sign any orders overturning the Obama administration's Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program just yet. DACA has allowed more than 700,000 younger immigrants brought to the country illegally as children to apply for two-year work visas in the United States.

Trump has promised to overturn DACA, which has been an extremely popular program among the immigrant rights community.

Spicer said the president understands that DACA affects children. "He's a family man. He has a huge heart," Spicer said. Trump will work through DACA "in a very humane way."

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1
Anchor 1: What the Text Says

Which section of the article BEST explains Trump's reasons for his executive actions on immigration?

A

"Biggest Campaign Promise"

B

"Construction Bill To Be Determined"

C

"Campaign Of Exaggerations"

D

"Other Programs Being Watched"

2
Anchor 5: Text Structure

Why does the author include the section "Campaign Of Exaggerations"?

A

to describe a program that gives enforcement powers to local authorities

B

to compare Trump's newest immigration policies with those of Obama

C

to explain that Trump plans to follow through on all of his campaign promises

D

to show concerns about the effects Trump's policies will have on immigrants

3
Anchor 1: What the Text Says

Each of the following sentences suggests that Trump plans to follow through on his changes to immigration despite opposition from some groups.

Which of the following is the STRONGEST piece of evidence to support that claim?

A

He insists the United States will be paid back by the Mexican government for the costs of the billion-dollar wall.

B

Trump also wants to take away the money that the U.S. government gives cities that do not follow the nation's immigration laws.

C

Members of this group have accused Trump of exaggerating problems to win support at the expense of immigrants and refugees.

D

Trump has promised to overturn DACA, which has been an extremely popular program among the immigrant rights community.

4
Anchor 5: Text Structure

How does the introduction [paragraphs 1-4] affect the overall structure of the article?

A

It provides a call to action for taxpayers to support new immigration policy.

B

It outlines the next steps that will be taken on immigration policy.

C

It provides basic information about new changes to the country's immigration policy.

D

It explains why changes are needed to immigration policy.

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