Join for a Free Newsela Account

It's free to read Newsela. Join and get unlimited access to read every article at every reading level.

SCIENCE
 

After many years, the drought in California is over at last

Wildflowers bloom at Diamond Lake, California. The state's drought emergency has been lifted. Photo: Miguel Vieira via Flickr
Wildflowers bloom at Diamond Lake, California. The state's drought emergency has been lifted. Photo: Miguel Vieira via Flickr

LOS ANGELES, California — In California, the hills are green with plants. The rivers are full of water. So it was not surprising when California's governor made a declaration last week. The long California drought is over.

Governor Brown had called a drought emergency because there was not enough water. California had not gotten much rain and snow. 

Last week, Brown gave an order that ends the emergency in most of the state. Only a few places still do not have enough water.

Teaching People How To Save Water

He also said that the need for saving water continues. People should save water even if there is no drought, he said.

“The next drought could be around the corner,” Brown said.

Five years of sunny winters took a toll. People in cities were required to cut their water use. People took shorter showers and flushed less. 

Farmers left some land without plants. In some towns, no water came out when people turned on the faucet. These places had to get bottled water delivered as a result.

California Did Not Suffer Too Much

Overall, though, the state was strong in the drought. 

Jay Lund works at the University of California. He studies water use. California did very well, he said. 

Farming is the state’s biggest water user. Even without much water, farmers did not lose money. High prices for nuts and milk helped with that.

The drought did not cause much trouble for companies. The cuts did not change much of what companies made, Lund said. 

Every big drought teaches California lessons.

Rewards For Using Less Water

The last long drought was from 1987 to 1992. A huge reservoir was built in Southern California. Reservoirs hold the water that people use. This one helped to get Southern California through the drought.

Lately, there have been more water recycling programs. People also got rewarded for saving water. That slowed down water use.

Felicia Marcus works for the state of California. She had a tough job. Her job was to convince people to use less water. “In the late ’80s drought, we learned how much we can save indoors. In this drought we learned how much we can save outdoors,” she said.

Some people took out their grass. They put in plants that did not need as much water. Then, they got rewarded for using less water.

There Will Eventually Be Another Drought

People have changed how they think, Marcus said. It is not just about water. Californians changed their thinking about which plants are beautiful, she said.

Governor Brown plans to continue saving water in California. Wasteful practices such as washing driveways will not be allowed.

Marcus said it will not be the last drought. California should be prepared for the next one.

Join for a free account to read the full article.
Related Articles
Related Text Sets

Quiz

570L

You must be a registered user

to submit quizzes.

1
Anchor 1: What the Text Says

Which sentence from the article describes a way that California plans to keep saving water?

A

He also said that the need for saving water continues.

B

Even without much water, farmers did not lose money.

C

Then, they got rewarded for using less water.

D

Wasteful practices such as washing driveways will not be allowed.

2
Anchor 1: What the Text Says

Read the section "Rewards For Using Less Water."

Which paragraph explains how different droughts taught people different things?

3
Anchor 4: Word Meaning & Choice

Read the selection from the section "Teaching People How To Save Water."

People in cities were required to cut their water use. People took shorter showers and flushed less.

What does "cut their water use" mean in the selection above?

A

use less water

B

save less water

C

stop using any water

D

keep using bottled water

4
Anchor 4: Word Meaning & Choice

Read the sentence from the section "California Did Not Suffer Too Much."

Overall, though, the state was strong in the drought.

Based on this section, what does the author mean by "the state was strong"?

A

California learned how to end the drought successfully.

B

California's landscape stayed green during the drought.

C

California was not affected too badly by the drought.

D

California's farms and business lost a lot of money.

Write

570L
{{ answers_for_review[0].student.user.first_name }} {{ answers_for_review[0].student.user.last_name }}
Write Preview

Write is a feature that allows students to answer open-ended questions. Teachers are able to customize which questions they want to ask their students.


Sample Prompt

Write a short paragraph that explains the central idea of the article. Use at least two details from the article to support your response.

Escriba un párrafo corto que explique la idea central del artículo. Use al menos dos detalles del artículo para apoyar su respuesta.

Select a class for your response
{{classroom.name}} / {{teacher.user.last_name}},
Edit Prompt
Your Prompt
Default

Note: Some of your students have already responded to the default prompt. You are editing a prompt that students have already written against. Editing the prompt now may affect the meaning of existing student work.


Recommended Annotation Visible only to you
     
Annotate

Unable to save at this time.